Located at about 204 kilometres south of Delhi, Agra is universally known as the city of the Taj Mahal, the world’s greatest monument of love.
Enriched with an affluent historical and cultural backdrop, the city of Agra goes back to several centuries. It finds mention in the Mahabharata (third century BC), where it has been referred to as Agrabana or Paradise City. In the 16th and 17th centuries it became the capital of the Mughal Empire and many of the city’s best-known monuments were built during this period. The city reached its zenith between 1556 and 1658, under the successive rule of Emperors Akbar, Shah Jahan and Jahangir. Akbar’s reign was the most memorable in the city’s history. This was when Agra flourished and became renowned as a centre for art, culture and commerce. Since then, the city has continued to attract artists and intellectuals from all over the world.
In terms of artistic ambience and culture, the city is still associated with the Mughal period. It has a laid back lifestyle and an immense wealth of architecture, handicrafts and jewellery. Situated along the Yamuna River, which meanders down from the ancient towns of Mathura and Vrindavan, Agra is a significant district headquarters in Uttar Pradesh. The city charms world wide tourists with various historical and architectural attractions.