Air: There are direct flights from all over Europe, USA and the Middle East, most of Africa and some of the Far East countries. Besides the main international Airport at Cairo there are airports receiving international flights at Alexandria, Hurghada, Sharm El-Sheikh and Luxor. Alternatively the cities too are well connected to each other through the domestic network.
Sea: Any port on the Mediterranean Sea, can be a starting point for a ship to Alexandria or Port Said. Alexandria, is the more common choice. There are also ferries travelling from Saudi Arabia and Jordan crossing the Red Sea to Nubia.
Land: Land travel to Egypt can be achieved from all countries in North Africa through Libya or from the Middle East countries through Israel. Sudan is also a common land entry point for most of the middle and southern African countries.
Egyptian consulates abroad and the immigration authorities at the port of entry will issue visas to visitors. A transit visa is sufficient for a stay of less than 7 days. Passports should be valid for at least six months from the date of entry. Visitors are advised to carry their passports at all times.
There are no restrictions on foreign currency. Items like jewellery and video cameras have to be declared on entry. Visitors are requested to confirm return flights on arrival. There is no departure tax. Every foreigner must register with the authorities within seven days of arrival.
The Egyptian pound is divided into 100 piastres. Exchange rates are available at any bank or exchange office. There are notes of 25 and 50 piastres, and of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 100 pounds. Travelers cheques are accepted by banks and hotels.
Egypt enjoys a mild climate. However, temperatures increase as you travel due south. Cairo can be chilly between December and February, and very hot between June and September. But the heat in Egypt is made bearable by the northerly breeze that leads to a drop in temperature at night. Peak temperatures in Upper Egypt occur between May and October, and are accompanied by extremely low humidity.
The best way to deal with Egypt's summers is to dress light. Cotton garments are ideal. Woolens are advisable for the winters. Egypt does tend to get chilly in the evenings, so a light sweater may be needed. But for all seasons, light walking shoes and a hat are absolute necessities. Avoid scanty dresses, as the norm is conservative attire.
Arabic is the language of Egypt. However, tourists will rarely face a communication problem, as Egyptians speak a number of languages, including English, French, German and Italian.